Friday, 6 June 2014


It is only natural for us to feel reluctant to make a will as it brings to the front of our minds our own mortality. However, this is like putting off going to the doctor for a check up. It is really important to overcome the fear, particularly if you have people who are dependent on you.

A will may be made by persons over the age of eighteen who have testamentary capacity. Testamentary capacity is primarily a legal test but it can be helpful to have a written medical opinion; particularly where a person making the will is elderly or seriously ill. Even if a person suffers from a serious psychiatric disorder, a valid will may be made during a lucid interval.

When making a will a person needs to have a good knowledge of the extent of his or her assets. Also a person making a will must bring to his or her mind all the people you would expect him/her to bring to his or her mind and then decide who to benefit.

From a practical point of view a person needs to decide who he or she wishes to appoint as executor of the will and whether trustees will be required. If the testator has children under the age of eighteen he/she will also have to consider who to appoint as guardians.

Drafting and executing  a will is a very technical exercise. A testator is best served by instructing a suitably qualified solicitor to draft his/her will and leave the technicalities to that expert.

For more information call us on 052 6125350.        

Friday, 30 May 2014


A  fundamental right we as citizens in a democracy have is the right to a fair trial. Following on from this is the right not to self incriminate and the right to silence.

The right to silence is a fundamental right which we inherited from the English common law system and which has constitutional status in this jurisdiction even though it is not explicitly stated in the Irish Constitution.  
The right to silence is also given protection under article 6 (1) of the European Convention on Human Rights.

However, it cannot be assumed that if an individual is arrested by the Gardai that the best advice for that person would be to stay silent. This is sometimes correct but not always. The right to silence has been  corroded  by  legislation. In particular, in certain circumstances, INFERENCES  may be drawn from a person’s silence .

Therefore, it is critical if a person is being questioned that he/she ask the gardaĆ­ to contact his/her solicitor as soon as ever possible so as advice may be obtained. 

For more information call us on (052) 6125350.

Thursday, 22 May 2014


Most of us would be familiar with American crime programmes such as CSI and Law and Order . Often during the course of these programmes we see suspects being arrested, taken into custody and invariably sitting through their police interrogations with their lawyers by their side.
This is the situation in the US.  It is almost fifty years  since  the United States Supreme Court  case of Miranda –v- The State of Arizona. In that case it was decided that  persons in custody have a right  amongst other things, to have counsel (solicitor ) present at the interrogation, as that is indispensable to the protection of fifth amendment privilege ( against self incrimination)
Over the course of the next half century  most  jurisdictions have followed suit. Most recently the Scottish Government brought in legislation giving suspects in detention the right to legal advice before and during questioning as a result of the UK Supreme Court decision of Cadder –v- HM Advocate.
For decades Ireland has been swimming against the tide in this regard.  However it seems that all this is about to change.  Earlier this month the access to a solicitor reform came into effect. The effect of this is that suspects in custody will have the right to have a solicitor present while being questioned in garda custody.
 This seismic shift has occurred as a direct result of the decisions in the March 2014  Supreme Court Cases of  DPP –v- Gormley  and  DPP –v- White.
The decision in those cases did not go so far as to state that a suspect has a right to have a solicitor present while being questioned in Garda Custody, as the issue didn’t arise. However, the Supreme Court strongly suggested that  the  right to legal advice in the future may be held to include the right to have a lawyer present during questioning.

This development is most welcome and finally brings Ireland into line with the standard of our nearest neighbour and the rest of Europe.  It is difficult to know how the provision of the service will evolve or how much it will cost the State. However, there can be no doubt but that it is an important step in the right direction.

Wednesday, 14 May 2014

Children and Family Relationship Bill 2014

The laws  concerning family law in this country struggle to deal with the different  types of families that  children, their parents, guardians and carers in 21st century Ireland belong to.
It is hoped that the Children and Family Relationship Bill 2014 will go a long way to modernising and recognising children and their families rights in different types of families.
Some of the proposals are set out below:-
The proposed new law intends to establish that the best interest of the child is the most important consideration when decisions are being made on custody, guardianship and access.
The proposed new law intends to increase the number of unmarried fathers who are automatically guardians of their children. What is intended is that an unmarried father will be the automatic guardian of his child if he cohabits with the child’s mother for at least a year before the child’s birth and the cohabitation ends (if applicable) less than 10 months before the child’s birth.
Right now if one parent denies the other access the only option available to Courts is sending the offending parent to prison. It is now proposed that in this situation there will be a range of options available to Courts such as giving the parent denied of access compensatory time to, in more severe cases fines and community service.
It is proposed that civil partners, step-parents, those co-habiting with the biological or adoptive parent and those acting in loco parentis for a specified period of time will be allowed to apply for guardianship of a child.
It is proposed to allow non commercial surrogacy arrangements but to prohibit people or agencies from advertising surrogacy services or from persuading women to act as surrogates.
ESTABLISHING  PARENTAGE in assisted reproduction and surrogacy

It is proposed to set out how parentage is assigned in cases of assisted reproduction and surrogacy enabling men and women to apply for declarations of parentage where children have been born to them through the use of their own genetic material or otherwise. 

Tuesday, 13 May 2014

Increase in amount of money Courts can award in Civil cases

Since early February 2014 the amount  of  money Courts can award has increased.
The District Court can now award up to €15,000 up from €6,384.

The Circuit Court can now make awards of up to €75,000 except for personal injury where the award can be up to €60,000, up from €38,092.